The BIM Knowledge and Skills Framework (Framework) is an important and timely resource for the Australasian construction sector. The Framework enables a consistent approach to the up-skilling of the construction market sector. It provides the platform for the education sector to build the curriculum to deliver ‘job ready’ candidates with the right BIM knowledge and skills linking the Framework with Accredited Courseware and a certified Qualification procedure, of which BIMcreds is a part.
Intended Audience for the Framework
This Framework will assist businesses and educators to develop customised approaches, whilst following and creating the same industry message:
- EDUCATORS – Formal (Universities, Skills, DET etc.), Professional Development (Professional Bodies), Registered Training Organisations (RTO).
- INDUSTRY – Firms wanting to raise the level of expertise within their business and understand what they need to stay competitive.
- INDIVIDUALS – Practitioners wishing to understand the professional development requirements for BIM.
Purpose of the Framework
Embracing a vision for the construction market sector:
- A future that embraces all industries and the supply chain within the construction market sector
- A future where value for money encapsulates whole-of-life cost performance
- A future based on good working relationships through mutual respect, mutual resolve, and mutual responsibility
- A future that brings better functional design and environmental outcomes, and
- A future where all stakeholders have an equal share in shaping the next chapter in the history of their industry.
Forming a Framework for the Market
- The focus revolves around a three-part model, linking the Framework with Accredited Courseware and a Certified Qualification procedure.
- The framework requirement is to uplift and future progress the market, placing an importance on its expandability and linking to industry, education and professional development.
Defining the Market Structure
The structure enables the market to be broken down into areas by their function. Functions are linked to specific Stakeholder Areas. Some stakeholders span across all areas and are not denoted as being a separate stakeholder e.g. BIM Managers, Cost Consultants
Functions withing Stakeholder Groups
Hierarchy linked to traditional business models, matches the tasks each business level carries out. This reduces the complexity of BIM tasks within each stakeholder group.
Roles within Stakeholder Groups
Industry, education and government consultations indicated that roles should not be specifically defined to each vocation. The reasons for this were as follows:
- Industries within the market sector varied significantly.
- Roles were defined differently across the ANZ region and across the globe.
- Firm size often determined the detail and complexity of the role.
- Projects can define roles differently to market expectation.
Examples have been provided in the framework to assist in structuring courseware, selecting teams and defining a business structure of roles.
Defining the Grade Levels
Grading levels are used to define the expected level of knowledge and skill required for each example role. It is expected that education and industry will define the grading levels of courseware or training as required.
Project Management Knowledge Areas
Industry, education and government consultations indicated that regardless of the structure implied, majority of the groups tried to place the framework into their model of understanding. The most popular being Project Management Body of Knowledge – PMBOK. Mapping to this structure resulted in the following Knowledge Areas:
2.000 Start Up
5.000 Execution / Operation
6.000 Monitoring And Controlling
7.000 Closeout / Handover / Commissioning
Project Management Process Groups
Process Groups further define the knowledge areas with higher levels of granularity in their definition. This is developed to span across all stakeholder groups.
Concepts and Descriptors
Across the globe there are BIM Learning Framework or Learning Outcomes defined for the market sector. This was noted from consultations as being too vague to produce courseware from. To meet this market need the framework has established further detail for course providers. Giving concepts and a descriptor to give some thought direction.
Descriptors for Each Hierarchy Level
The final level of detail is given to the functions within each stakeholder group. Consultations indicated a need to delineate the descriptors further to define strategic, managerial and technical functions.
Working Group Acknowledgement
APCC and ACIF Acknowledgement
The Framework would not have been possible without the support of the Australasian Procurement and Construction Council (APCC) and the Australian Construction Industry Forum (ACIF).
The Framework recognises that the practitioners listed above all interact differently regarding the requirements of BIM. Other groups are encouraged to use the Framework to develop their own guidance about their required skills and education relevant to BIM.
If you wish to know more about how the Framework is structured and how to read it, we would encourage you to download the following introduction document:
If you intend to use the Framework to map your existing BIM educational/training material, or develop new coursework please remember that the Framework is not a syllabus, not a program, not a curriculum, not an assessment tool, and not a detailed description of everything people will learn. It is a Framework of principles, practices, and outcomes with which to build a curriculum, professional development and your business requirements and learning and development plans.
If you wish to access the Framework, please download it here: